Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
No matter where you are, you will always have some place to be! In this lesson, we'll look at the question that will give you the tools to ask how much time you have left to get there. We'll also give you the tools to understand the answer!

Lesson focus

In Afrikaans, "What time is it?" is Hoe laat is dit? Let's break it down by syllable.
(slow) Hoe laat is dit?
Hoe laat is dit?
The first word, hoe, means, "how."
(slow) hoe
hoe
The next component is laat, and it means, "late," referring to time.
(slow) laat
laat
Next, we have is meaning ”is” or “to be.”
(slow) is
is
Finally, we have dit, which means, "it."
(slow) dit
dit
All together, we have Hoe laat is dit? "What time is it?"
Let's go over hours here. "Hour" in Afrikaans is uur.
(slow) uur
uur
To say A.M. and P.M. in Afrikaans we say, voormiddag and namiddag respectively. For example, "9:00 A.M." will be 9 uur voormiddag.
(slow) 9 uur voormiddag.
9 uur voormiddag.
Let's cover how to answer the question Hoe laat is dit? or “What time is it?” in Afrikaans now.
First, you say, dit is which means "it is," and then the time. Let's see it one more time, dit is and the time.
Let's practice with 6:00 P.M. using this pattern. "It's 6:00 P.M." in Afrikaans can be said as Dit is ses uur namiddag. Let's break it down by syllable.
(slow) Dit is ses uur namiddag.
Dit is ses uur namiddag.
The first words, dit is, mean, "it is."
(slow) dit is
dit is
Then you have the time and time of day, which is ses uur namiddag, meaning “6:00 P.M."
(slow) ses uur namiddag
ses uur namiddag
Altogether, we have Dit is ses uur namiddag. meaning “It's 6:00 P.M."
Let's now try to say, "It's 6:00 A.M." In Afrikaans, this would be Dit is ses uur voormiddag.
(slow) Dit is ses uur voormiddag.
Dit is ses uur voormiddag.
We again have, dit is meaning ”it is" and then the time, ses uur voormiddag.
Let's go over minutes now. The plural word "minutes" in Afrikaans is minute.
(slow) minute
minute
Note that it's the plural of the word minuut which means ”minute.” Here’s one important note. In Afrikaans, the “minutes” first, then “hours.” Also, as we mentioned before, the hours and minutes are always expressed by the cardinal numbers. The cardinal numbers will be een "one", twee "two", drie "three", vier "four", and so on. So these are the numbers we introduced in the lesson about counting.
Let's have a look at some examples. For example, you want to say, "It's 3:20 P.M." In Afrikaans "It's 3:20 P.M." is Dit is twintig oor drie namiddag.
(slow) Dit is twintig oor drie namiddag
Dit is twintig oor drie namiddag
First, we have dit is meaning “it is.”
(slow) dit is
dit is
Then we have the number for minutes, twintig meaning “20”
(slow) twintig
twintig
The minutes are followed by the word for ‘past’ in Afrikaans. Oor.
(slow) Oor
Oor
Then we have the hours, drie meaning “three”
(slow) drie
drie
Altogether we have Dit is twintig oor drie namiddag. "It's 3:20 P.M."
Literally, it means “It’s 20 past three.”
Using the same pattern, you can say "It's 9:10 AM." Or literally, “It’s 10 past 9.” In Afrikaans this would be Dit is tien oor nege voormiddag.
(slow) Dit is tien oor nege voormiddag.
Dit is tien oor nege voormiddag.
In this case, the sentence would be Dit is tien oor nege. The only time you will have to use the word uur meaning ”hour" is when you have a whole hour. Like 10:00 P.M. or 06:00 A.M., etc.
"It's 5:55 P.M.," in Afrikaans, is Dit is vyf voor ses.

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AfrikaansPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What time do you usually wake up? Try to answer us in Afrikaans!

Team AfrikaansPod101.com
Thursday at 01:29 AM
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Hallo Jacqui


Jy is reg met jou tye.


17:45 - Ons se "kwart voor ses"

You can say 'vyftien voor ses' as well. 'Kwart oor en Kwart voor' is more common.


Geniet die leer!

Lekker aand

Zani

Jacqui
Monday at 10:30 AM
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Hallo. Ek word vyftien voor ses wakker. (Op weeksdae.)

Is dit korrek?

Also, I've learned that (for example) 5:30 is "half-ses". And you've said that 5:55 is "vyf voor ses. Do you then start counting the minutes before the next hour at the 30 minute mark: Would 5:25 be "vyf-en-twintig OOR vyf", and 5:35 be "vyf-en-twintig VOOR ses"?

Ek het baie vrae! Maar ek geniet dit om Afrikaans te leer. :-D

Baie dankie.