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Lesson Transcript

Hallo almal! Ek is Annemarie. Hi everybody! I’m Annemarie. Welcome to AfrikaansPod101.com’s Afrikaans in 3 minuten, the fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Afrikaans.
In the previous lesson, you learned how to say how old you are, and how to ask someone else their age. In this lesson we're going to take a look at a new verb, het, which means "to have,” and is, which is “to be.”
You can probably guess that het can be used to talk about things you own. That will be the main topic of this lesson.
How would you ask someone if they have, for example, a car? Here it is.
Het jy ‘n kar? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Het jy ‘n kar?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
Het means “have.”
jy, as you know from our previous lessons, means “you” and...
‘n kar, means “a car.”
Het jy ‘n kar?
So if you do have a car, how can you answer this question?
Just switch the placement of the verb to make it follow the pronoun– it’s really that simple! You did it during the last lesson to talk about your age, remember?
“How old are you?” is Hoe oud is jy?
And we answered with Ek is...
So in this case, we go from Het jy ‘n kar? to Ek het ‘n kar, “I have a car.”
[slowly] Ek het ‘n kar.
So say for example that a classmate wants to borrow a pen from you. He might ask, Het jy ‘n pen? which is “Do you have a pen?”
If you only have a red pen, you can answer Ek het ‘n rooi pen. “I have a red pen.”
Okay, so now let’s look at another way of using the verb het. Say that you *want* to have something. You can use the verb wil meaning “to want” together with hê, a variation of het.
Let’s say that what you want is an orange which is lemoen in Afrikaans. The sentence would sound like this-
Ek wil ‘n lemoen hê. “I want to have an orange.”
[slowly] Ek wil ‘n lemoen hê.
Please be careful! In Afrikaans we place the object between wil, “want,” and hê, “to have.”
So Ek wil ‘n lemoen hê literally means “I want an orange to have.”
Now it’s time for Annemarie’s Tips.
You might be wondering how to make the statement “I want to have... ” into the question “Do you want...?” Just switch back the position of the pronoun and the verb to make Wil jy. For example, Wil jy ‘n lemoen hê? meaning “Do you want an orange?”
[slowly] Wil jy ‘n lemoen hê?
In recent lessons, we learned about is, which is “to be,” and het, which is “to have.”
In the next lesson you’ll learn how to use these verbs in the negative forms so that you can say “I’m not” and “I don’t have.” I’ll be waiting for you with the explanation in the next Afrikaans in 3 minuten lesson. Lekker dag!