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Lesson Transcript

Hallo almal! Ek is Annemarie. Hi everybody! I’m Annemarie. Welcome to AfrikaansPod101.com’s Afrikaans in 3 minuten, the fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Afrikaans.
In the last lesson, you learned how to use the verbs is, “to be” and het, “to have,” in the negative form.
In this lesson, you’ll start to learn about Afrikaans adjectives and how to use them properly.
So the basic rule to know is that in Afrikaans, adjectives can come before or after the noun, and the adjective can change slightly depending on where the adjective is. In Afrikaans, there are two ways of using adjectives - predicatively or attributively.
Let me give some examples.
Die kar is vinnig means “The car is fast.” Here, the adjective vinnig is placed after the noun die kar meaning “the car.” And the adjective is used predicatively.
Here’s another example - Die hond is stout, which means “The dog is bad.”
Just like the previous one, the adjective stout meaning “bad” is used after the noun. This is also an example of using the adjective predicatively.
On the other hand, adjectives can also be used attributively. This happens when the adjective is placed *before* the noun. Let’s see some examples:
Die vinnige kar means “The fast car.”
Die stoute hond means “The bad dog.” As you can see, the adjectives for both examples come before the noun they’re modifying. This time, however, the adjective changes, and gets an extra e at the end. So look out for the e and listen for other changes.
Simply put, if the adjective is after the noun it stays the same. But if it’s placed before the noun it gets an e in most cases.
Here are a few more examples of adjectives in both forms.
Mooi means “beautiful,” and it can be changed to mooie.
Prakties means “practical.” It can be changed into praktiese, again just by adding an e.
In some cases where the adjectives end with d, t or g, the last letter is removed before adding an e. Let’s look at some examples.
Die tafel is hoog means “The table is high”
Dit is ‘n hoë tafel means “This is a high table.”
Now it’s time for Annemarie’s Tips.
If you want to emphasize an adjective in Afrikaans, you can use the word baie before the adjective. For example, baie mooi, which is “very beautiful" or baie lekker, which is "very delicious."
In this lesson, you learned how to use some basic adjectives in Afrikaans. Next time, we’ll learn the basic uses of the verb gaan, which means "to go," so that you’ll be able to say sentences like "I’m going to school."
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Afrikaans in 3 minuten lesson. Lekker dag!